Available Treatments For Acne & Post Acne Care
In our guides about acne and post acne, we have demonstrated the multiple ways acne can manifest when bacterial outbreaks happen under the skin and looked at the different kinds scars and marks that form after acne. For every combination of skin, case of acne and post acne scarring, there’s a treatment out there that promises to improve its condition, whether by reducing inflammation, encouraging skin cell regeneration or retexturizing indented scars. Let’s take a look at the most popular options available in clinics as well as cosmeceutical products you can use from your own home.
Perhaps the best known emergency remedy for acne is the cortisone shot. All it takes is a small injection of diluted corticosteroid into the pimple, and you’ll find it shrinking in hours. People use this when they have to be spot free by the next day, and it takes almost no time at all. The downside?
Some people may experience temporary sunken indents. This is expected to disappear within weeks, but over-reliance on the shots may lead to long-term damage, causing pitted scars where the acne used to be.
Laser and light based therapies targeting bacteria and inflammation include fractional photothermolysis (FP), intense pulsed light (IPL), pulsed dye lasers (PDLs), and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Even though treatments can highly effective, they are a costly option, with multiple sessions often needed. Many lasers still do cause irritation and involve significant downtime when you will have to stay out of the sun as redness subsides and the skin is allowed to flake and peel.
Dermabrasion & Microdermabrasion
The upsides to the old method of dermabrasion is that it can be used on areas beyond the face and on pitted acne scars. However, the procedure cannot be used on dark brown skin because of the risk of discolouration. Microdermabrasion is less harsh, using tiny crystal grains to target exfoliation. But it will still leave you red at the end of the treatment, with the sensation of a mild sunburn. Both treatments are relatively cheaper than surgery, but several sessions are required to achieve the intended results.
Peels can be conducted in-clinic or at home to exfoliate the top layers of skin cells, and commonly utilise acids such as lactic acid, glycolic acid, or salicylic acid, among others. Clinic-strength peels can contain up to 70% concentration of the acid while home-based cosmeceutical treatments have a lower strength, up to 10-15% is typical. The purpose of a peel is to resurface the skin, unclog pores and
improve skin cell turnover and texture. Therefore, peeling and blistering can be expected, and dry skin types may also experience increased sensitivity.
Used to fill in the hollows of depressed scars, hyaluronic acid-based fillers are best for immediate results. Nevertheless, their effects are only temporary, and treated areas can be swollen, red and bruised for up to a a week, keeping patients away from workouts, alcohol, facials and massages in the interim
Procedures like subcisions and punch excisions are a top choice for dermatologists, and involve taking a scalpel or needle underneath a deep scar to trigger bleeding, which in turn creates collagen synthesis and healing. Commonly executed alongside dermal fillers or lasers, these are small surgeries that demand the commitment of cost, downtime, and may also need following up with other procedures like dermabrasion to blend the scars further into the skin.
Topical Cosmeceutical Products
Cosmeceutical skincare products use a range of active ingredients to control inflammation, eliminate bacteria and keep excess oil at bay. Many include the acids, like the beta hydroxy acid Salicylic Acid to gently slough away dead skin cells to reduce clogged pores and Vitamin C to regenerate collagen. Ingredients such as Aloe Vera and Oat Extracts soothe irritated, inflamed skins and Mucopolysaccharide (MPS) keeps complexions hydrated and resilient. Some over the counter treatments include retinoids, but for many acne sufferers, they carry too much of a risk of itching, scaling and redness, while increasing sensitivity to the sun.
Hiruscar Acne Range
The Hiruscar Anti-Acne range spans a series of gentle yet effective products for daily use that target mild-to-moderate acne’s root causes and main effects with a potent lineup of salicylic acid, MPS and Vitamin C to unclog pores, retain hydration and reduce dark spots.
The Pore Purifying Cleanser deeply cleanses and removes dirt and excess sebum without drying out the skin, the Pore Purifying Serum tightens pores and improves acne conditions, while the Spot Gel prevents dark spots on targeted areas, improving the skin over the course of 48 hours.
Designed to be used together, Hiruscar Post Acne is an antibacterial 3-in-1 formula that improves the appearance of scars, fades discolouration and prevents the forming of new scars.